Getbig Bodybuilding, Figure and Fitness Forums
October 01, 2014, 06:25:07 AM *
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.

Login with username, password and session length
 
   Home   Help Login Register  
Pages: [1]   Go Down
  Print  
Author Topic: Robots to feed entire mankind  (Read 935 times)
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« on: November 26, 2012, 01:25:22 AM »

http://english.pravda.ru/science/tech/14-11-2012/122802-robots_food-0/

Robots to feed entire mankind
14.11.2012
 
Robots to feed entire mankind. 48513.jpeg

The world's population is growing rapidly, while the number of people employed in agriculture is on decline. The food crisis is on the horizon. The researchers suggest that introduction of special robots to the emptying fields can help replace farmers. Development of these machines is in full swing.

It is no secret that massive introduction of robots in manufacturing is inhibited not by the imperfection of these machines, but quite another reason. Indeed, robots can easily replace assembly line and construction sites workers, as well as cleaners in offices and in the streets, drivers of public transport, and even traffic wardens. Most human activities are a fixed sequence of very simple actions, and robots are capable of performing these actions.

Replacing people with robots is not happening because it would lead to severe unemployment. If machines dominate in all areas of activity, this would be very difficult to do. Of course, some of the workers who lost they jobs to robots will be able to re-qualify, for example, into technicians engaged in robots repair, but only few of them will be in demand. 

However, one area where robots would not cause any problems is agriculture. Now the number of people producing food is rapidly declining. This process is particularly obvious in Europe, North and South America, East Asia, and Russia, as increasingly more farmers are moving to cities. As a result, the volume of food production is reduced, and it has to be imported.

    Print version
    + - Font Size
    Send to friend

A good example is Japan. Due to mass migration of farmers to cities, the country meets its own demand for food by only 40 percent, and the rest is imported. Given that its population is growing rapidly, the threat of starvation is imminent. In this case, robots may be the best solution for the agriculture.

The idea of ​​"smart" technology for farming is not new. In Europe and America machines are employed in the fields that use GPS and "talk" to plows and water sprinklers. For example, a weeding tool can "tell" a tractor that it is going too fast, or ask it to take a left. Not that long ago, an American corporation John Deere developed a harvester that at the right moment signals its tractor to unload grain. A German company released a pair of Fendt tractors where the first tractor is controlled manually, and the other one automatically repeats the action of the first one, which reduces the time a farmer spends in the field by half.

However, experience has shown that these machines have some serious flaws. First, they are very heavy. Working in the fields, they trample down the soil, reducing its porosity and destroying useful forms of life, which consequently reduces yields. Soil compaction also increases its susceptibility to erosion, resulting in a flow of rain water. "Why do we plow? Mainly to eliminate the harm caused by heavy tractors. This operation takes up to 80 percent of energy required to cultivate the land," said Simon Blackmore of Harper Adams University (UK).

This means that agricultural robots of the future should be light and strong at the same time. In addition, they should be able to navigate in space, understand what is in front of them, and help the farmer. These robots should be able to perform targeted actions, for example, a grain of wheat needs just one cubic centimeter of soil for growth. In order for it to grow, there is no need to plow cubic yards of soil and cover them with pesticides and herbicides - it will be sufficient to treat the very place where it grows. Humans could not do it, but a tireless robot could easily cope with the task.

Recently satellite navigation technology RTK-GPS was developed that allows the machine to determine the location within two centimeters. Engineer Arnaud Ruckelshausen with the University of Applied Sciences of Osnabrück (Germany) developed it for its modular robo-farmer BoniRob. This four-wheel unit detects a green plant on brown soil with spectral cameras. It writes the information about its location to its memory and then visits the plant to see how it is developing.

Now the inventor intends to equip its mechanical farmer with a spray system, similar to that in inkjet printers. Then the leaves of weeds will receive small doses of herbicide and wheat and the soil around them will not suffer. According to the calculations of Mr. Ruckelshausen, it will reduce the use of chemicals by 80 percent. Even considering the cost of the robot it will be cheaper than weeding. Also, poisoning of soil, rivers and streams with chemicals will be avoided. This, too, will save a lot of money because astronomical sums are spent on the removal of chemical contaminants every year.

Ruckelshausen is also confident that the same can be achieved with the use of fertilizers. Field tests have shown that sensors for determining the level of nitrogen in plant tissue may reduce the consumption of fertilizers by 80 percent, without compromising productivity. Not to mention the fact that with the traditional methods of plant nutrition nearly half of fertilizer is wasted as it is washed away by rain, blown away by wind, etc. Spot feeding will also reduce the production of valuable chemicals, which again will save a lot of money.

So far, there is one question that still has no answer - how to teach robots to distinguish weeds from crops. Employees of the Australian Centre of Field Robotics believe that the easiest way is to program robots to recognize the shape of the leaves of plants. Tests of Danish HortiBot that they created proved that it is able to identify weeds and process them, focusing on the photos of leaves stored in its memory.

At the same time, there is also an issue of safety. Noboru Noguchi of Hokkaido University fears that robots may injure pedestrians or scare animals. However, engineers from the German corporation Bosch calmed their Japanese counterparts by presenting them with their developments in laser and ultrasonic monitoring of obstacles. They make robots understand that there is someone in front of it and stop. There is also a proposal to equip agricultural robots with soft bumpers.

Apparently, the first country where the robots will take to the field will be Japan - recently it launched a five year robotics project for agriculture with a budget of $8 million. With the help of robots the Japanese are hoping to bring the level of food production to 60 percent. Next agricultural robots are likely to appear in Western Europe, Australia and North America, because now these regions conduct the most rigorous research of the capabilities of these machines.

As for Russia, progress in this area is not yet in sight, although Russian villages are getting empty at the same rate as the Japanese ones. Russian technologies to build robotic systems are in decline. The ideas, original and promising, are there, but there are no plants that could produce all required components for robots.

Currently Russia buys most robots abroad, but this would not work with mechanical farmers. It is important for agricultural robots to be adapted to a particular soil and climate, and they need to be developed in the country where they will be applied.

Anton Evseyev

Pravda.Ru
Report to moderator   Logged
sync pulse
Getbig IV
****
Posts: 2732



« Reply #1 on: November 27, 2012, 12:57:30 AM »

Kurt Vonnegut..."Player Piano".
Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #2 on: November 27, 2012, 01:59:46 AM »

Kurt Vonnegut..."Player Piano".

looked it up

funny how the idea of what can free us is made evil by commy seeming kurt

if no longer have to do drudge work can do entertainment or luxury, always unlimited human wants
Report to moderator   Logged
sync pulse
Getbig IV
****
Posts: 2732



« Reply #3 on: November 27, 2012, 02:22:51 AM »

It is a great book...you could probably find a copy at the library.
Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #4 on: November 29, 2012, 08:29:43 PM »

I wouuld never read it since the theme is to drag automation through the mud.

I hate that.

Automation is how the world will finally become more equal and happy.

I work in computers which is pretty much about automation and wow we coulda been doing shit in 60 that would make us liek jetsons now.

instead shit like vonnegots book besmirches adn idea that might upset order, and wraps itself in this hummanisitc tripe

bleh

cats cradle was entertaining

I think future will be big orgy once tek takes care of scacity but what funny is as soon as there is enough women will have 40 kids each and ruin it.

maybe we are fucked, all programmed to fight eachother to death
Report to moderator   Logged
tbombz
Getbig V
*****
Gender: Male
Posts: 19162


Psalms 150


« Reply #5 on: November 29, 2012, 08:39:43 PM »

replacing humans with machines is economically good for the short term, but potentially extremely problematic in the long term.

if all the goods and services are being produced by machines, how do people get money to buy them?

the more you mechanize the production process, the more you have to subsidize the consumption habits of the people.

its unsustainable.
Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #6 on: November 29, 2012, 10:50:39 PM »

This is a good question.

Well if the machines are made by government maybe everyone get some basics.

From there hard work can let you aquire more etc.

automation really is awesome.
Report to moderator   Logged
tbombz
Getbig V
*****
Gender: Male
Posts: 19162


Psalms 150


« Reply #7 on: November 30, 2012, 05:58:12 PM »

LOL!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

magikusar, the ultimate anti-government crusader on this board...    supports the idea of the government owning the means of production and distributing the products itself.


 Grin    Grin    Grin 


!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #8 on: December 02, 2012, 08:30:52 PM »

If you going to be a commie, be a good commie.

I am not anti government.

I am anti communism/fascism/socialism  which are all the same.

I also find polytheism and the single tax on land/rent of henry george kinda awesome.

sucking blood from capitalism and stopping progress with cave man unon laws are the opposite of progress.
Report to moderator   Logged
tbombz
Getbig V
*****
Gender: Male
Posts: 19162


Psalms 150


« Reply #9 on: December 02, 2012, 09:53:35 PM »

dude. if the government owns the machines that produce everything, and then distribute the goods and services to the people. that is communism. exactly communism.  its anti-thetical to capitalism.   

polytheism? and your calling unions "cave man"?   Grin
Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #10 on: December 02, 2012, 10:35:17 PM »

dude. if the government owns the machines that produce everything, and then distribute the goods and services to the people. that is communism. exactly communism.  its anti-thetical to capitalism.   

polytheism? and your calling unions "cave man"?   Grin

If you would forumlate your question clearly I could give you a clear answer.
Report to moderator   Logged
garebear
Time Out
Getbig V
*
Gender: Male
Posts: 6517


Never question my instincts.


« Reply #11 on: December 02, 2012, 11:42:18 PM »

If you would forumlate your question clearly I could give you a clear answer.

I doubt it.
Report to moderator   Logged

G
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #12 on: December 03, 2012, 12:18:19 AM »

Well when you believe in communism and I do not, I mean, heh
Report to moderator   Logged
garebear
Time Out
Getbig V
*
Gender: Male
Posts: 6517


Never question my instincts.


« Reply #13 on: December 03, 2012, 03:30:08 AM »

Well when you believe in communism and I do not, I mean, heh
I believe communism has existed, if that's what you mean.
Report to moderator   Logged

G
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #14 on: December 03, 2012, 11:34:44 AM »

I believe communism has existed, if that's what you mean.

Well communism failed yet you vote for commies like Obamma.
Report to moderator   Logged
tbombz
Getbig V
*****
Gender: Male
Posts: 19162


Psalms 150


« Reply #15 on: December 03, 2012, 06:12:14 PM »

If you would forumlate your question clearly I could give you a clear answer.

i just find it humorous that a guy who loves posting videos of Milton Freidman and Ayn Rand would suggest that the government own the means of production and distribute all the goods and services itself.
Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #16 on: December 05, 2012, 07:53:47 PM »

i just find it humorous that a guy who loves posting videos of Milton Freidman and Ayn Rand would suggest that the government own the means of production and distribute all the goods and services itself.

Is that what you got out of the above?

Do you just make up stuff in your head or do you read?
Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #17 on: December 06, 2012, 12:09:38 AM »

If the government could make eveyone rich, why hasn't it?
with automation

Report to moderator   Logged
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #18 on: December 06, 2012, 12:11:07 AM »

replacing humans with machines is economically good for the short term, but potentially extremely problematic in the long term.

if all the goods and services are being produced by machines, how do people get money to buy them?

the more you mechanize the production process, the more you have to subsidize the consumption habits of the people.

its unsustainable.

I think people would move to working in services or entertainment or GASP helping produce and operate the machines.
It would be awesome to try an accelerate this.
Maybe pure capitalism would.
Maybe we are doomed to go communist again and again by human nature and can never get to true aotuomation a free market would bring.
Report to moderator   Logged
_bruce_
Getbig V
*****
Posts: 16392


Anus Rising


« Reply #19 on: December 06, 2012, 08:20:52 AM »

The thing could work and solve issues if it is allowed to do so.
How many useful inventions have come and gone - the anti apple plasma cannon comes to mind.
Communism has never left it just "chilled" in the background.

 
Report to moderator   Logged

[
magikusar
Time Out
Getbig IV
*
Posts: 2830


Team Ayn Rand


« Reply #20 on: December 08, 2012, 04:26:54 PM »

bruce u smokin the ganja?

apple plasma connanon?
Report to moderator   Logged
Pages: [1]   Go Up
  Print  
 
Jump to:  

Theme created by Egad Community. Powered by MySQL Powered by PHP Powered by SMF 1.1.19 | SMF © 2013, Simple Machines Valid XHTML 1.0! Valid CSS!