Ron Brandy Sr. sent this information on unauthorized recordings of conversations and the law.
UN-AUTHORIZED RECORDING OF CONVERSATIONS
CHAPTER 48 - ADMISSIBILITY GENERALLY
NRS 48.077 Contents of lawfully intercepted communications. Except as limited by this section, in addition to the matters made admissible by NRS 179.465, the contents of any communication lawfully intercepted under the laws of the United States or of another jurisdiction before, on or after July 1, 1981, if the interception took place within that jurisdiction, and any evidence derived from such a communication, are admissible in any action or proceeding in a court or before an administrative body of this State, including, without limitation, the Nevada Gaming Commission and the State Gaming Control Board. Matter otherwise privileged under this title does not lose its privileged character by reason of any interception. (Added to NRS by 1981, 163)
CHAPTER 179 - SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS OF A CRIMINAL NATURE; SEALING RECORDS OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS; REWARDS; FORMS INTERCEPTION OF WIRE OR ORAL COMMUNICATION
NRS 179.410 Definitions. As used in NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, except where the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 179.415 to 179.455, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1742; A 1989, 658)
NRS 179.415 “Aggrieved person” defined. “Aggrieved person” means a person who was a party to any intercepted wire or oral communication or a person against whom the interception was directed. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1742)
NRS 179.420 “Contents” defined. “Contents” when used with respect to any wire or oral communication includes any information concerning the identity of the parties to such communication or the existence, substance, purport or meaning of that communication. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1742)
NRS 179.425 “Electronic, mechanical or other device” defined. “Electronic, mechanical or other device” means any device or apparatus which can be used to intercept a wire or oral communication other than:
1. Any telephone or telegraph instrument, equipment or facility, or any component thereof:
(a) Furnished to the subscriber or user by a communications common carrier in the ordinary course of its business and being used by the subscriber or user in the ordinary course of its business; or
(b) Being used by a communications common carrier in the ordinary course of its business, or by an investigative or law enforcement officer in the ordinary course of his duties.
2. A hearing aid or similar device being used to correct subnormal hearing to not better than normal.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1742)
NRS 179.430 “Intercept” defined. “Intercept” means the aural acquisition of the contents of any wire or oral communication through the use of any electronic, mechanical or other device or of any sending or receiving equipment. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1743)
NRS 179.435 “Investigative or law enforcement officer” defined. “Investigative or law enforcement officer” means any officer of the State or a political subdivision thereof who is empowered by the law of this state to conduct investigations of or to make arrests for felonies, and any attorney authorized by law to prosecute or participate in the prosecution of such offenses. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1743)
NRS 179.440 “Oral communication” defined. “Oral communication” means any verbal message uttered by a person exhibiting an expectation that such communication is not subject to interception, under circumstances justifying such expectation. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1743)
NRS 179.445 “Person” defined. “Person” means any official, employee or agent of the United States or any state or political subdivision thereof, and any individual, partnership, association, joint-stock company, trust or corporation. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1743)
NRS 179.450 “State” defined. “State” means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and any territory or possession of the United States.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1743)
NRS 179.455 “Wire communication” defined. “Wire communication” means any communication made in whole or in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of communications by the aid of wire, cable or other like connection between the point of origin and the point of reception furnished or operated by any person engaged as a common carrier in providing or operating such facilities for the transmission of intrastate, interstate or foreign communications.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1743)
NRS 179.460 Cases in which interception of wire or oral communications may be authorized.
1. The Attorney General or the district attorney of any county may apply to a Supreme Court justice or to a district judge in the county where the interception is to take place for an order authorizing the interception of wire or oral communications, and the judge may, in accordance with NRS 179.470 to 179.515, inclusive, grant an order authorizing the interception of wire or oral communications by investigative or law enforcement officers having responsibility for the investigation of the offense as to which the application is made, when the interception may provide evidence of the commission of murder, kidnapping, robbery, extortion, bribery, destruction of public property by explosives, a sexual offense against a child or the commission of any offense which is made a felony by the provisions of chapter 453 or 454 of NRS.
NRS 179.465 Disclosure or use of intercepted communications.
1. Any investigative or law enforcement officer who, by any means authorized by NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, or 704.195 or 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510 to 2520, inclusive, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any wire or oral communication, or evidence derived therefrom, may disclose the contents to another investigative or law enforcement officer or use the contents to the extent that the disclosure or use is appropriate to the proper performance of the official duties of the officer making or receiving the disclosure.
2. Any person who has received, by any means authorized by NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, or 704.195 or 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510 to 2520, inclusive, or by a statute of another state, any information concerning a wire or oral communication, or evidence derived therefrom intercepted in accordance with the provisions of NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, may disclose the contents of that communication or the derivative evidence while giving testimony under oath or affirmation in any criminal proceeding in any court or before any grand jury in this state, or in any court of the United States or of any state, or in any federal or state grand jury proceeding.
3. An otherwise privileged wire or oral communication intercepted in accordance with, or in violation of, the provisions of NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, or 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510 to 2520, inclusive, does not lose its privileged character.
4. When an investigative or law enforcement officer engaged in intercepting wire or oral communications as authorized by NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, intercepts wire or oral communications relating to offenses other than those specified in the order provided for in NRS 179.460, the contents of the communications and the evidence derived therefrom may be disclosed or used as provided in subsection 1. The direct evidence derived from the communications is inadmissible in a criminal proceeding, but any other evidence obtained as a result of knowledge obtained from the communications may be disclosed or used as provided in subsection 2 when authorized or approved by a justice of the Supreme Court or district judge who finds upon application made as soon as practicable that the contents of the communications were intercepted in accordance with the provisions of NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, or 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510 to 2520, inclusive.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1743; A 1983, 117; 1989, 658)
NRS 179.470 Application for order authorizing interception of communications; prerequisites to issuance of order.
1. Each application for an order authorizing the interception of a wire or oral communication must be made in writing upon oath or affirmation to a justice of the Supreme Court or district judge and must state the applicant’s authority to make such application. Each application must include the following information:
(a) The identity of the investigative or law enforcement officer making the application, and the officer authorizing the application.
(b) A full and complete statement of the facts and circumstances relied upon by the applicant to justify his belief that an order should be issued, including:
(1) Details as to the particular offense that is being, has been or is about to be committed.
(2) A particular description of the nature and location of the facilities from which or the place where the communication is to be intercepted, the facilities to be used and the means by which such interception is to be made.
(3) A particular description of the type of communications sought to be intercepted.
(4) The identity of the person, if known, who is committing, has committed or is about to commit an offense and whose communications are to be intercepted.
(c) A full and complete statement as to whether or not other investigative procedures have been tried and failed or why they reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried or to be too dangerous.
(d) A statement of the period of time for which the interception is required to be maintained. If the nature of the investigation is such that the authorization for interception should not automatically terminate when the described type of communication has been obtained, a particular description of facts establishing probable cause to believe that additional communications of the same type will occur thereafter.
(e) A full and complete statement of the facts concerning all previous applications known to the person authorizing and making the application made to any judge for authorization to intercept wire or oral communications involving any of the same persons, facilities or places specified in the application, and the action taken by the judge on each such application.
(f) Where the application is for the extension of an order, a statement setting forth the results thus far obtained from the interception, or a reasonable explanation of the failure to obtain such results.
2. The judge may require the applicant to furnish additional testimony or documentary evidence under oath or affirmation in support of the application. Oral testimony must be reduced to writing.
3. Upon such application the judge may enter an ex parte order, as requested or as modified, authorizing interception of wire or oral communications within the territorial jurisdiction of the court in which the judge is sitting, if the judge determines on the basis of the facts submitted by the applicant that:
(a) There is probable cause for belief that a person is committing, has committed or is about to commit an offense for which interception is authorized by NRS 179.460.
(b) There is probable cause for belief that particular communications concerning that offense will be obtained through such interception.
(c) Normal investigative procedures have been tried and have failed or reasonably appear to be unlikely to succeed if tried or appear to be too dangerous.
(d) There is probable cause for belief that the facilities from which, or the place where, the wire or oral communications are to be intercepted are being used or are about to be used by such person in connection with the commission of such offense or are leased to, listed in the name of, or commonly used by such person.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1744; A 1983, 118)
NRS 179.475 Order authorizing interception of communications: Contents; duration; extension.
1. Each order authorizing the interception of any wire or oral communication shall specify:
(a) The identity of the person, if known, whose communications are to be intercepted.
(b) The nature and location of the place where or communication facilities to which authority to intercept is granted, the facilities to be used and the means by which such interceptions shall be made.
(c) A particular description of the type of communication sought to be intercepted, and a statement of the particular offense to which it relates.
(d) The identity of the agency authorized to intercept the communications, and of the person authorizing the application.
(e) The period of time during which such interception is authorized, including a statement as to whether or not the interception shall automatically terminate when the described communication has been first obtained.
2. An order authorizing the interception of a wire or oral communication shall, upon request of the applicant, direct that a communications common carrier, landlord, custodian or other person shall furnish the applicant forthwith all information, facilities, and technical assistance necessary to accomplish the interception unobtrusively and with a minimum of interference with the services that such carrier, landlord, custodian, or person is according the person whose communications are to be intercepted. Any communications common carrier, landlord, custodian or other person furnishing such facilities or technical assistance shall be compensated therefor by the applicant at the prevailing rates.
3. No order entered under this section may authorize the interception of any wire or oral communication for any period longer than is necessary to achieve the objective of the authorization, and in no event longer than 30 days. Extensions of an order may be granted, but only upon application for an extension made in accordance with the procedures provided in NRS 179.470. The period of extension shall be no longer than the authorizing judge deems necessary to achieve the purposes for which it was granted and in no event for longer than 30 days. Every order and extension thereof shall contain a provision that the authorization to intercept shall be executed as soon as practicable, shall be conducted in such a way as to minimize the interception of communications not otherwise subject to interception under this statute, and shall terminate upon attainment of the authorized objective, or in any event in 30 days.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1745)
NRS 179.480 Progress reports to judge. Whenever an order authorizing interception is entered pursuant to NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, the order may require reports to be made to the judge who issued the order showing what progress has been made toward achievement of the authorized objective and the need for continued interception. Such reports shall be made at such intervals as the judge may require.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1746)
NRS 179.485 Recording. The contents of any wire or oral communication intercepted by any means authorized by NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive, shall, if possible, be recorded on tape or wire or other comparable device. The recording of the contents of any wire or oral communication under this section shall be done in such a way as will protect the recording from editing or other alterations. Immediately upon the expiration of the period of the order, or extensions thereof, such recordings shall be made available to the judge issuing such order and sealed under his directions. Custody of the recordings shall be placed with whomever the judge directs. They shall not be destroyed except upon an order of the judge issuing such order and in any event shall be kept for 10 years. Duplicate recordings may be made for use or disclosure pursuant to the provisions of subsection 1 of NRS 179.465 for investigations. The presence of the seal provided for by this section, or a satisfactory explanation for the absence thereof, is a prerequisite for the use or disclosure of the contents of any wire or oral communication or evidence derived therefrom under subsection 2 of NRS 179.465. (Added to NRS by 1973, 1746)
NRS 179.490 Sealing of applications and orders; disclosure.
1. Applications made and orders granted under this statute shall be sealed by the judge. Custody of the applications and orders shall be placed with whomever the judge orders. Such applications and orders shall be disclosed only upon a showing of good cause before a judge of a court of competent jurisdiction and shall not be destroyed except on order of the judge who issued or denied the order, and in any event shall be kept for 10 years.
2. Any violation of the provisions of this section may be punished as contempt of court.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1747)
NRS 179.495 Notice to parties to intercepted communications.
1. Within a reasonable time but not later than 90 days after the termination of the period of an order or any extension thereof, the judge who issued the order shall cause to be served on the chief of the Investigation Division of the Department of Public Safety, persons named in the order and any other parties to intercepted communications, an inventory which must include notice of:
(a) The fact of the entry and a copy of the order.
(b) The fact that during the period wire or oral communications were or were not intercepted.
The inventory filed pursuant to this section is confidential and must not be released for inspection unless subpoenaed by a court of competent jurisdiction.
2. The judge, upon receipt of a written request from any person who was a party to an intercepted communication or from the person’s attorney, shall make available to the person or his counsel those portions of the intercepted communications which contain his conversation. On an ex parte showing of good cause to a district judge, the serving of the inventory required by this section may be postponed for such time as the judge may provide.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1747; A 1975, 1520; 1983, 119; 1985, 1976; 2001, 2572)
NRS 179.500 Contents of intercepted communications inadmissible in evidence unless transcript provided to parties before trial. The contents of any intercepted wire or oral communication or evidence derived therefrom shall not be received in evidence or otherwise disclosed in any trial, hearing or other proceeding in any court of this state unless each party, not less than 10 days before the trial, hearing or proceeding, has been furnished with a copy of the court order and accompanying application under which the interception was authorized and a transcript of any communications intercepted. Such 10-day period may be waived by the judge if he finds that it was not possible to furnish the party with such information 10 days before the trial, hearing or proceeding and that the party will not be prejudiced by the delay in receiving such information.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1747)
NRS 179.505 Motion to suppress.
1. Any aggrieved person in any trial, hearing or proceeding in or before any court, department, officer, agency or other authority of this State, or a political subdivision thereof, may move to suppress the contents of any intercepted wire or oral communication, or evidence derived therefrom, on the grounds that:
(a) The communication was unlawfully intercepted.
(b) The order of authorization under which it was intercepted is insufficient on its face.
(c) The interception was not made in conformity with the order of authorization.
(d) The period of the order and any extension had expired.
2. Such motion shall be made before the trial, hearing or proceeding unless there was no opportunity to make such motion or the person was not aware of the grounds of the motion. If the motion is granted, the contents of the intercepted wire or oral communication, or evidence derived therefrom, shall be treated as having been obtained in violation of NRS 179.410 to 179.515, inclusive. The judge, upon the filing of such motion by the aggrieved person, may in his discretion make available to the aggrieved person or his counsel for inspection such portions of the intercepted communication or evidence derived therefrom as the judge determines to be in the interest of justice.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1747)
NRS 179.510 Appeal by State from order granting motion to suppress. In addition to any other right to appeal the State may appeal from an order granting a motion to suppress made under NRS 179.505 if the Attorney General or district attorney certifies to the judge or other official granting such motion that the appeal is not taken for purposes of delay. Such appeal shall be taken within 30 days after the date the order of suppression was entered and shall be diligently prosecuted as in the case of other interlocutory appeals or under such rules as the Supreme Court may adopt.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1748)
NRS 179.515 Reports by justices of Supreme Court, district judges, Attorney General and district attorneys.
1. In January of each year, the Attorney General and the district attorney of each county shall report to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts the information required to be reported pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 2519. A copy of the report must be filed with the Investigation Division of the Department of Public Safety. In the case of a joint application by the Attorney General and a district attorney both shall make the report.
2. Every justice of the Supreme Court or district judge who signs an order authorizing or denying an interception shall, within 30 days after the termination of the order or any extension thereof, file with the Investigation Division of the Department of Public Safety on forms approved by the Division a report containing the same information required to be reported pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 2519. The report must also indicate whether a party to an intercepted wire communication had consented to the interception.
3. The willful failure of any officer to report any information known to him which is required to be reported pursuant to subsection 1 or 2 constitutes malfeasance in office and, in such cases, the Secretary of State shall, when the wrong becomes known to him, institute legal proceedings for the removal of that officer.
4. The Investigation Division of the Department of Public Safety shall, on or before April 30 of each year, compile a report consisting of a summary and analysis of all reports submitted to the Division pursuant to this section during the previous calendar year. The report is a public record and may be inspected by any person during the regular office hours of the Division.
(Added to NRS by 1973, 1748; A 1975, 1520; 1981, 2009; 1983, 120; 1985, 1977; 2001, 2573)